Construction surveying or staking, is to take a proposed construction plan set on paper, and physically represent the plan onto the existing site.  Field staking is done with a total station or GPS, and wooden stakes and lathe are normally used for staking of proposed field points.  While field staking for curb and gutter, a wooden stake may be set 3 feet behind the proposed back of curb (known as an offset stake) so that it is not disturbed during the construction process.  On this stake, the surveyor will label it according to the construction plan with a cut or fill to the proposed design elevation. When staking a pond for construction, a lathe may be set along a contour line, and labeled according to the construction plan with a cut or fill to the proposed design elevation.  The contractor and surveyor work together to coordinate staking to make sure that most stakes and lathe will not be disturbed during the construction process.  Construction staking includes the field staking of buildings, roadways, curb and gutter, bridges, ponds, grades, etc. for construction building purposes.